Scientific studies have shown that due to some special additives cigarettes cause more addictive than others. For the first time, specialists were able to measure the number of the caller, super addictive “free” nicotine entering the body of the smoker with each smoked a cigarette. As with cocaine, “free” nicotine goes into a volatile fraction and quickly through the lungs into the blood. The fact that he very quickly gets into the brain, have allowed researchers to assume that addictive stronger than the usual nicotine.
The research team of scientists from the University of Oregon health in Portland can help to make a classification of different brands of cigarettes, depending on the degree of addiction that they cause. The scientists compared the 11 cigarette brands available in America, and found that in some of them the percentage of “free” nicotine in 10-20 times more than previously thought. Cigarettes of various brands experts were compared with the reference cigarette, containing one percent of this component. The range was very wide: from 1-2% up to 36 – in cigarettes American Spirit. It turned out that Marlboro contains 9.6% of “free” nicotine Camel – 2,7, Winston – from 5 to 6.2 percent, it Blondes – from 5.7 to 7.5.
James Pankow research
Professor James Pankow, head of research, the results of which publishes the journal Chemical Research in Toxicology, says: “In the process area only the free form of nicotine can escape and get air in the respiratory tract. Ever since scientists discovered that the stronger drug is addictive, the faster it gets into the brain, issue number contained in cigarette smoke “free” nicotine stood at the head of the corner. Proceedings address the use of tobacco additives such as ammonia and urea, as well as the blend”.
Experiments made by Professor of punk in 1997, established the link between ammonia additives and a high content of “free” nicotine in cigarettes. He found that by itself, nicotine does not possess a strong body effect, however, the ammonia removing protons from the surrounding molecules, including molecules of nicotine, thereby accelerates the process of its absorption. This study confirmed the view of the Administration of the food and drug administration that the widespread use of ammonia in the manufacture of cigarettes demonstrates the manipulation of the manufacturer with the mechanism of falling containing tobacco products nicotine in the body.
Jack Henningfield research
Professor Jack Henningfield from the Medical school at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, says: “it is likely that the ingredients now used in the manufacture of cigarettes, such as ammonia and urea, are the cause of increasing privatenot”. Professor Pankov says: in the U.S. there are no formal rules that would regulate the amount of free nicotine contained in cigarettes. Manufacturers claim that their cigarettes contains only a small amount of this substance. While in the UK, for example, in the manufacture of cigarettes, you can use only those supplements that are approved by the Ministry of health.
British Association of tobacco
The representative of the British Association of tobacco manufacturers stated: “Cigarette, released in the UK must comply with the requirements, and they may differ significantly from cigarettes made in America”. The representative of the company Phillip Morris, the owner of the Marlboro brand, says: “Ammonia is a compound that is naturally present in the tobacco leaves. You have to understand that safe cigarettes does not exist. No cigarettes, which are more or less harmful or cause more or less addictive in comparison with other cigarettes. All cigarettes are harmful and addictive. Will be completely wrong to begin to explain to customers the differences in hazard and privatenot between different brands of cigarettes. If consumers care about their health, then they should quit Smoking.”.